Today in history (August 28, 1846), the Donners discover another note from their guide Lansford Hastings. The note is shread into pieces from the birds and can’t be read in the current condition. They collect the pieces, It is Hastings’ handwriting: “2 days-2 nights-hard driving-cross-desert-reach water.” The distance must be greater than forty miles! That’s beyond the limit a thirsty ox can travel, even if the emigrants carry water. But there’s no turning back.

Credited to Frank X. Mullen Jr.